There are over 34,000 various species of spiders around the world. For this reason, it is not unusual to encounter one every now and then; however, most people are unable to differentiate between harmless, common house spiders from venomous and potentially dangerous ones. If you have a fear of getting bitten by a spider, you have to know that only a small percentage of spiders are considered fatal to humans, and less than 0.05 percent is capable of breaking the human skin.
However, there are three common house spiders that have venomous bites- the brown recluse, hobo, and black widow. Bites from these spiders need immediate or emergency medical treatment since they are potentially fatal. It is advisable to consult your doctor if you have been bitten by any type of spider. It is also beneficial to learn how to identify the spiders that deliver venomous bites to avoid coming into contact with them. Additionally, you must also learn how to apply first-aid treatment for common house spider bites. Also read: how to identify and manage a bed bug bite.
Three Common Spiders That Bite
1. Brown Recluse Spider
This spider is very common in North America, and this spider specie should be feared among other species. This spider got its name because of its shy and reclusive nature. They dwell in warm and dry areas; thus, they are usually encountered in basements, attics, or in other less-frequented home areas. This type of spider is typically identified by its dull colors and violin shape body.
The venom of a brown recluse spider is highly toxic, even more so than rattle snakes; however, the amount of venom delivered to their victims is much smaller. The bite of a brown recluse spider is usually painless and can go unnoticed. Unfortunately, after eight hours or so, the pain will become more intense. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, fever, itching, and other secondary health problems. In worse cases, it can even lead to death. If you suspect that you have been bitten by this type of spider, immediately contact your doctor.
2. Black Widow Spider
This spider specie is easily recognized by its red markings found on their undersides. The red markings may be shaped as an hourglass or a simple dot. Black widow spiders are feared by most people, but they are not the deadliest.
The bite of this type of spider is rather painful. Symptoms may start to show up after 20minutes or so after the bite, and it may include painful muscle cramps in large muscle areas, such as shoulders and legs. Victims might also experience muscle cramps on their abdomen area. Other symptoms may consist of dizziness, vomiting, breathing problems, and tremors.
3. Hobo Spider
Hobo spiders are usually mistaken for the brown recluse spider, and there have been instances wherein they have been wrongfully blamed for a brown recluse spider bite. These two types of spiders may be quite similar at a glance. Additionally, their bite patterns as well as their symptoms are mostly identical; however, a hobo spider is more mottled in coloration as compared to the brown recluse spider. They also have a distinctive “herringbone” pattern on their abdomen area, and their legs are hairier as compared to the brown recluse.
This type of spider rarely delivers its venomous bites, but they can easily colonize homes. When they do bite, they cause very little pain and may not be easily noticeable. After a few minutes, the bite area may start to develop redness, swelling, blisters, and may rapture. Symptoms of hobo spider bites can consist of flu-like symptoms, vomiting, dizziness, and headache.
First Aid Treatment For Common House Spider Bite
If you have been bitten by a spider, you must immediately apply a cold compress since this can alleviate pain and swelling. You must apply this method for about 20minutes. Perform this method in intervals until the swelling and redness subsides.
There are simple home remedies you can use to treat spider bites, such as turmeric powder and olive oil. Turmeric powder has natural antiseptic properties which makes it an excellent first aid treatment for spider bites. Aside from turmeric powder, you can also use olive oil which is excellent for soothing pain and itchiness. You can mix the two home remedies and apply it to the bite area to promote healing.
Spider Bite Cream:
You can also apply over-the-counter spider bite cream which must have at least 1% hydrocortisone. The cream must be applied according to the directions or according to the advice given by the pharmacist.
These first aid treatments are very effective for common house spider bites; however, if you start feeling any of the symptoms mentioned above, it is advisable to seek medical attention before it gets worst.