The air that people typically breathe contains around 21% oxygen. An oxygen concentrator can filter the 21% air and collects only the oxygen and stores it. The process begins from the moment it’s turned on. The oxygen is then delivered to the patient and tubing. The concentrator has very limited storage space within it, so the majority of it is used very quickly. Using an oxygen concentrator allows the delivery of oxygen to the patient concentrated from up to 90 to 95%.
They tend to weigh around 50 pounds and are designed to be relatively easy to move from room to room with wheels but it can become cumbersome. It typically runs on electricity. It needs to be placed in an area that has good air circulation. It can become a very noisy machine with the compressor inside of it. It was originally designed for use only within the home but it has recently been designed to store oxygen in cylinders that can be used anywhere. They’re even developing an oxygen concentrator that weighs less than 10 pounds and can run off of battery.
Oxygen Concentrator Maintenance Requirements
Every concentrator comes with a filter and an air inlet. The air inlet needs to be uncovered to ensure that circulation can continue through the machine. The filter needs to be washed at least once every seven days with a detergent. When the filter is washed it needs to be rinsed off completely and dried thoroughly. After that it can be reinserted.
Every concentrator requires a different number of filters and management requirements. Be sure to read your instruction manual thoroughly to find out specifics for your machine. An oxygen concentrator needs to be serviced at least every 10,000 hours of use. The service will include a check to ensure its producing oxygen in the correct concentration. When not properly maintained it could deliver smaller percentages oxygen.
Liquid Oxygen – What Is It?
Oxygen has a turns to liquid at -297°F. That’s when liquid oxygen is created and it can have a number of different advantages when compared to typical oxygen storage. First of which is, liquid oxygen, is significantly more compact than oxygen in gas form. You can also ensure that the oxygen delivered is the most pure form available. Liquid oxygen is the quality that most hospitals provide.
The gas within the liquid container creates movement that allows the liquid to slowly turn into its gas form. That allows the liquid to slowly be released in gas form to the patient in the purest form available. Liquid oxygen can be stored in large reserves in someone’s home. Smaller tanks can be used for portable applications. This may require extractions to transfer the large tanks of liquid oxygen into the smaller tanks. A regular oxygen delivery company can ensure the large tank are filled a couple times a month depending on the rate it gets used.
Liquid Oxygen Maintenance
A liquid oxygen tank needs to be placed on a level surface to ensure that the tank doesn’t tip over. It does not require significant maintenance. Condensed water collection bottles attached to the tank may need to be cleaned and emptied. The tank can be wiped down with water on the exterior. If any part of the system should freeze then you should follow the instructions on exactly what to do for each machine.
Oxygen Cylinders – What Are They?
Oxygen cylinders are the original method of oxygen delivered. The oxygen is pressurized to about 200 ATM and placed into a steel container. Similar to the liquid oxygen, the oxygen delivered is pure. The oxygen is then stored in large or small cylinders. Oxygen cylinders run out of oxygen at a significantly faster rate than other methods. Smaller cylinders can be used for portable applications.
There are also aluminum cylinders that can be used. When used with oxygen conserving devices and oxygen sparing tubes, the smaller cylinders can last for around eight hours. Small cylinders are typically used for portable applications while a home oxygen concentrator provides the majority of the oxygen.